Multireader image quality evaluation of dynamic myocardial computed tomography perfusion imaging with a novel four-dimensional noise reduction filter

Acta Radiologica

O. Sliwicka, Z. Swiderska-Chadaj, M. Snoeren, M. Brink, K. Salah, L. Peters-Bax, T. Stille, M. van Amerongen, I. Sechopoulos and J. Habets.


Dynamic myocardial computed tomography perfusion (CTP) is a novel technique able to depict cardiac ischemia.


To evaluate the impact of a four-dimensional noise reduction filter (similarity filter [4D-SF]) on image quality in dynamic CTP imaging, allowing for substantial radiation dose reduction.

Material and Methods

Dynamic CTP datasets of 30 patients (16 women) with suspected coronary artery disease, acquired with a 320-slice CT system, were retrieved, reconstructed with the deep learning-based algorithm of the system (DLR), and filtered with the 4D-SF. For each case, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) in six regions of interest (33–38mm2) were calculated before and after filtering, in four-chamber and short-axis views, and t-tested. Furthermore, six radiologists of different expertise evaluated subjective image preference by answering five visual grading analysis-type questions (regarding acceptable level of noise, absence of artifacts, natural appearance, cardiac contour sharpness, diagnostic acceptability) using a 5-point scale. The results were analyzed using visual grade characteristics (VGC) and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC).


Mean SNR in four-chamber view (unfiltered vs. filtered) were: septum=4.1 ± 2.1 versus 7.6 ± 5.6; lateral wall=4.5 ± 2.0 versus 8.0 ± 4.9; CNRseptum=16.6 ± 8.9 versus 31.7 ± 28; lateral wall=16.2 ± 8.9 versus 31.3 ± 28.9. Similar results were obtained in short-axis view. The perceived filtered image quality indicated decreased noise (VGCAUC=0.96) and artifacts (0.65), improved natural appearance (0.59), cardiac contour sharpness (0.74), and diagnostic acceptability (0.78). The inter-observer variability was excellent (ICC=0.79). All results were statistically significant (P < 0.05).


Similarity filtering after DLR improves image quality, possibly enabling dose reduction in dynamic CTP imaging in patient with suspected chronic coronary syndrome.

Tomographic Imaging

Overige afdelingen Imaging